Pilot project on land degradation neutrality, Namibia and Costa Rica

Date: 11/2015 to 03/2016
Location: Costa Rica, Namibia

This project addresses the need for approaches that promise to be most appropriate at the sub-national level to (i) provide relevant information for local decision making in given structures and framework conditions and (ii) allow reporting to the three land-based progress indicators adopted by the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) and likely to be approved by UNSAT as indicators for Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) with particular attention to baseline assessments of land degradation in pilot projects in Namibia and Costa Rica.

A key issue is that current efforts focus primarily on national scales, while implemention of the Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) projects will require targeting and monitoring also at sub-national scales. The inception phase will assess the indicators agreed upon under the UNCCD and will also include additional indicators for land degradation, vegetation cover, and agroecologic potential. For example, in the case of bush encroachment in Namibia, the use of normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) can be potentially misleading and more appropiate indicators may need to be developed. Although it is not the purpose of this inception phase study to assess other indicators in detail, suggestions will be made based on available data and methods.

The approaches suggested need to be appropriate at multiple scales and in diverse environments, and implementable and practical within the institutional capacity of national systems. They also need to be compatible with the methodology developed with the help of EU-JRC based upon globally available datasets, as described in the methodological note from June 2015. The relevance of approaches will be assessed in pilot areas of both countries, in terms of both the scale of technological/scientific development and the methodologies proposed by UNCCD and provided by JRC.


Loader
Loader
Loader

Loader
Loader