Colombia is highly vulnerable to global warming and climate variability. Given the extent of uncertainties in understanding how different systems, departments, and crops would likely to be affected, there is a need for policy makers to draft appropriate adaptation plans.
CIAT scientific analysis and research promoted technical and political discussion on the type of climate-smart policy interventions that will help Colombia adapt to climate change. One of the key findings CIAT shared was that crop changes and diversification, along with better resource management, and husbandry practices, are key to bottom-up change. CIAT provided key knowledge to the National Plan for Adaptation to Climate Change committee on climate scenarios that would lead to effects on agriculture and livestock activities.
What has changed?
CIAT research studies have been used by policy makers such as the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development (MADS) and the National Planning Department (DNP). These policy makers have drafted an investment proposal on proposal on climate change adaptation and mitigation for the agricultural sector and a strategy for climate-smart agriculture in the National Development Plan 2014-2018. Furthermore, the same research studies were used by the DNP, the MADS, the Institute of Hydrology, Meteorology, and Environmental Studies of Colombia (IDEAM), and the National Disaster Risk Management Unit (UNGRD) – who are the coordinators of the National Adaptation Plan to Climate Change – in the diagnosis and proposals for adaptation in the 2015-2025 strategy.