This project is part of the global initiative Coffee & Climate (c&c), which was founded in 2010 by key players from the private, development, and research sectors to address challenges posed by changing climatic conditions to the entire coffee value chain. C&c’s mission is to enable coffee farmers worldwide to effectively respond to climate change by equipping them with proven climate change science, farming methods and hands-on tools in order for them to be able to implement economically viable climate change adaptation strategies. Currently implemented in key coffee producing areas – Brazil, Tanzania, Trifinio (Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador) and Vietnam – the c&c approach was developed with more than 4,000 farmers and demonstrates that gross margins in coffee production can be raised when incorporating practices for adaptation into existing cropping systems.
In Vietnam, c&c works primarily in the Central Highlands, the country’s coffee basket. This project aims to support c&c’s work through the development of Vietnam’s National Coffee & Climate Strategy which includes a mapping of sector stakeholders, description of the main climate change-related challenges and a stakeholder ranking of possible solutions, as well as prioritization of planned initiatives and interventions required to cope with the challenges.
This project builds on the findings of a previous initiative, in which CIAT studied coffee production systems in Dak Lak in order to assess environmental impacts of coffee production through estimation of carbon stock and carbon footprint of different coffee farming systems and management practices. Carbon footprint and carbon stock are two indicators used to measure the impact of commodities on the climate, and allow targeting of high-impact improved management practices and efficient use of resources in the supply chain. This is particularly relevant for Vietnam, as intensive farming practices and production systems (i.e. monocropping, excessive irrigation and agrochemical use) have proliferated as a result of the quest to maximize yields. While Vietnam’s coffee sector now achieves the highest yields per hectare globally, the intensive practices have accelerated soil degradation and caused more frequent deficiencies in groundwater for irrigation during the dry season. The study identified several shaded monoculture and low-diversity commercial polyculture systems, and a higher total carbon stock in shaded coffee systems, and estimated the average CO2 equivalent GHGs emitted from coffee production to be at 2.4 kg per green bean production unit.
The overall objective of this project is to support the Initiative for Coffee and Climate (c&c) managed by the Hanns R. Neumann Stiftung with the development of a National Coffee & Climate Strategy for Vietnam.
Approach and Expected Outputs and Outcomes
Through multi-stakeholder – farmers, scientists, extension officers, traders, roasters, government ministries, etc. – consultation, through interviews and workshops, the Vietnam National Coffee & Climate Strategy will be developed. The strategy will also include sample institutional and incentive mechanisms by which the National REDD+ Action Plan implementation can be downscaled through coordinated private and public sector participation.