Soil - CIAT

Soils

About Us

About Soils

About Soils

Soils research is fundamental and multidisciplinary, addressing natural resource management issues from farm to landscape scales, with a strong focus on soil science. Our cross-cutting research links CIAT’s research in crop improvement and policy analysis to vital work on agricultural production systems across landscapes. We believe this integrated approach is essential for reducing hunger, while reversing land degradation and making agriculture climate smart.
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Land Degradation

land_degradation

Land Degradation

Land degradation is widespread across the tropical world. Restoring soils and land is a central requirement for reducing hunger and poverty through sustainable growth in agriculture. CIAT works toward this end through research on soil and landscape health, ecosystem services, tradeoff modeling, and sustainable land management.
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Sustainable Intensification

sustainable_intensification

Sustainable Intensification

Tropical soils account for about 40% of the earth’s land area and support about the same proportion of the world population.  Given population growth and the limited amount of land available for agricultural expansion, intensifying agricultural production while maintaining important ecosystem functions are urgent imperatives. CIAT soil scientists contribute by helping to improve agricultural productivity, enhance nutrient-use efficiency, and apply more widely the concept of integrated soil fertility management.
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Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation

climate_smart

Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation

More severe and variable weather together with growing uncertainty about the future climate pose major challenges for tropical agriculture worldwide and particularly for smallholder farmers. Convinced that soils research is critical for meeting the challenges, CIAT soil scientists are seeking ways to advance climate change adaptation and mitigation through improvements in soil management that heighten the resilience of production systems and enhance the provision of ecosystem services.
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CGIAR Research Programs

Soils Research Programs

Soils in CGIAR Research Programs

CIAT is a member of the CGIAR Consortium. CGIAR advances major research programs, which focus the work of the Consortium’s 15 member centers on key development aims. CIAT soils research contributes importantly to these global programs.

Soils Blog

soils_blog

Soils Blog

The Soils Blog is written by members of CIAT’s Soils Research Area, an interdisciplinary group conducting cross-cutting research that is central to CIAT’s mission of combating hunger and poverty by making agriculture more eco-efficient. CIATs soil scientists work across the tropics to alleviate land degradation, boost soil fertility, and make agriculture more climate smart.
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Latest News

Scaling up – TV helps farmers shape up soils in East Africa

There are a lot of big facts about soil knocking around this year – on account of it being the International Year of Soils. These are great for mobilising much-needed global interest and action in efforts to protect this finite resource on which our lives depend (even the White House posted>
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Africa’s first Water Fund to tackle rising threats to food security, water and energy supplies

Every rainy season Jane Kabugi’s home comes under attack. The torrential rain so desperately needed downstream to fuel Kenya’s rising electricity demands – and Nairobi’s water requirements – has literally been tearing her home and farm apart. “There was a time when this house of mine was almost gone; it>
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Research Updates

Soils Blog

VIDEO: Farmers talk soil

2015 is THE year that is putting soils on the global map. Everyone in the development and agriculture world is talking about it, not least the researchers, donors and experts currently gathered in Berlin for Global Soils Week (GSW). But while those at the top search for solutions to this>
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#TalkSoil tweet chat highlights

On 13 April 2015, CIAT teamed up with Shamba Shape Up, the hit East African farm make-over TV show, for an hour long tweet chat. We asked you to #TalkSoil – and you did! And we’ve captured it all on Storify. Get a taster of the discussion in our #TalkSoil highlights storify View>
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More news on the blog…

Publications


Winowiecki, Leigh; Vågen, Tor-Gunnar; Huising, Jeroen. 2015. Effects of land cover on ecosystem services in Tanzania  : A spatial assessment of soil organic carbon . Geoderma. 10 p. Published online.


Doltra, Jordi.; Olesenb, Jørgen E.; Báezc, Dolores; Louroc, Aránzazu; Chirinda, Ngonidzashe. 2015. Modeling nitrous oxide emissions from organic and conventional cereal-based cropping systems under different management, soil and climate factors . European Journal of Agronomy 66: 8-20.


Subbaraoa, Guntur Venkata; Yoshihashia, Tadashi; Worthington, Margaret; Nakahara, Kazuhiko; Ando, Yasuo; Sahrawat, Kanwar Lal; Rao, Idupulapati Madhusudhana; Lata, Jean-Christophe; Kishii, Masahiro; Braune, Hans-Joachim. 2015. Suppression of soil nitrification by plants . Plant Science 233: 155-164.


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