Soil - CIAT

Soils

About Us

About Soils

About Soils

Soils research is fundamental and multidisciplinary, addressing natural resource management issues from farm to landscape scales, with a strong focus on soil science. Our cross-cutting research links CIAT’s research in crop improvement and policy analysis to vital work on agricultural production systems across landscapes. We believe this integrated approach is essential for reducing hunger, while reversing land degradation and making agriculture climate smart.
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Land Degradation

land_degradation

Land Degradation

Land degradation is widespread across the tropical world. Restoring soils and land is a central requirement for reducing hunger and poverty through sustainable growth in agriculture. CIAT works toward this end through research on soil and landscape health, ecosystem services, tradeoff modeling, and sustainable land management.
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Sustainable Intensification

sustainable_intensification

Sustainable Intensification

Tropical soils account for about 40% of the earth’s land area and support about the same proportion of the world population.  Given population growth and the limited amount of land available for agricultural expansion, intensifying agricultural production while maintaining important ecosystem functions are urgent imperatives. CIAT soil scientists contribute by helping to improve agricultural productivity, enhance nutrient-use efficiency, and apply more widely the concept of integrated soil fertility management.
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Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation

climate_smart

Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation

More severe and variable weather together with growing uncertainty about the future climate pose major challenges for tropical agriculture worldwide and particularly for smallholder farmers. Convinced that soils research is critical for meeting the challenges, CIAT soil scientists are seeking ways to advance climate change adaptation and mitigation through improvements in soil management that heighten the resilience of production systems and enhance the provision of ecosystem services.
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CGIAR Research Programs

Soils Research Programs

Soils in CGIAR Research Programs

CIAT is a member of the CGIAR Consortium. CGIAR advances major research programs, which focus the work of the Consortium’s 15 member centers on key development aims. CIAT soils research contributes importantly to these global programs.

Soils Blog

soils_blog

Soils Blog

The Soils Blog is written by members of CIAT’s Soils Research Area, an interdisciplinary group conducting cross-cutting research that is central to CIAT’s mission of combating hunger and poverty by making agriculture more eco-efficient. CIATs soil scientists work across the tropics to alleviate land degradation, boost soil fertility, and make agriculture more climate smart.
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Latest News

New photo-film: mapping soil diversity in Tanzania

The second photo-film of a two-part series, “The Ground Beneath Your Feet,” is launched this week during Global Soil Week, where CIAT is highlighting the importance of soil, debating the latest science and technology as well as methods for preserving this vital natural resource. In Lushoto, Tanzania, a cluster of CCAFS climate-smart villages nestle in the stunning Eastern Arc>
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Scaling up – TV helps farmers shape up soils in East Africa

There are a lot of big facts about soil knocking around this year – on account of it being the International Year of Soils. These are great for mobilising much-needed global interest and action in efforts to protect this finite resource on which our lives depend (even the White House posted>
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Research Updates

Soils Blog

Collaborative initiative to outscale climate-smart agriculture

“Stakeholders coming together can achieve more impact” So was the message from 54 participants at a workshop aimed at sharing experiences about different approaches to outscaling climate smart agriculture (CSA) using prioritization tools. “There are a lot of people, national institutes and international organizations working with farmers in Africa. Many>
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Three lessons from an Africa RISING cross-learning visit to Ethiopia

Scientists implementing activities on landscape and watershed management in the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA)-led Africa RISING projects in West, East and Southern Africa recently took part in a cross-learning visit to the Africa RISING Ethiopian highlands project. The visit on 19-24 April 2015 aimed to provide an opportunity for>
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Publications


Sommer, Rolf; Mukalama, John; Kihara, Job; Koala, Saidou; Winowiecki, Leigh; Bossio, Deborah. 2015. Nitrogen dynamics and nitrous oxide emissions in a longterm trial on integrated soil fertility management in Western Kenya . Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 20 p.


Paul, Birthe Katharina; Vanlauwe, Bernard; Hoogmoed, Marianne; Hurisso, Tunsisa; Ndabamenye, Telesphore; Terano, Yusuke; Siz, Johan; Ayuke, Fred; Pulleman, Mirjam. 2014. Exclusion of soil macrofauna did not affect soil quality but increased crop yields in a sub-humid tropical maize-based system . Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 208: 75-85.


Winowiecki, Leigh; Vågen, Tor-Gunnar; Huising, Jeroen. 2015. Effects of land cover on ecosystem services in Tanzania  : A spatial assessment of soil organic carbon . Geoderma. 10 p. Published online.


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