Soil - CIAT

Soils

About Us

About Soils

About Soils

Soils research is fundamental and multidisciplinary, addressing natural resource management issues from farm to landscape scales, with a strong focus on soil science. Our cross-cutting research links CIAT’s research in crop improvement and policy analysis to vital work on agricultural production systems across landscapes. We believe this integrated approach is essential for reducing hunger, while reversing land degradation and making agriculture climate smart.
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Land Degradation

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Land Degradation

Land degradation is widespread across the tropical world. Restoring soils and land is a central requirement for reducing hunger and poverty through sustainable growth in agriculture. CIAT works toward this end through research on soil and landscape health, ecosystem services, tradeoff modeling, and sustainable land management.
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Sustainable Intensification

sustainable_intensification

Sustainable Intensification

Tropical soils account for about 40% of the earth’s land area and support about the same proportion of the world population.  Given population growth and the limited amount of land available for agricultural expansion, intensifying agricultural production while maintaining important ecosystem functions are urgent imperatives. CIAT soil scientists contribute by helping to improve agricultural productivity, enhance nutrient-use efficiency, and apply more widely the concept of integrated soil fertility management.
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Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation

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Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation

More severe and variable weather together with growing uncertainty about the future climate pose major challenges for tropical agriculture worldwide and particularly for smallholder farmers. Convinced that soils research is critical for meeting the challenges, CIAT soil scientists are seeking ways to advance climate change adaptation and mitigation through improvements in soil management that heighten the resilience of production systems and enhance the provision of ecosystem services.
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Soils Blog

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Soils Research Area Blog

The Soils Blog is written by members of CIAT’s Soils Research Area, an interdisciplinary group conducting cross-cutting research that is central to CIAT’s mission of combating hunger and poverty by making agriculture more eco-efficient. CIATs soil scientists work across the tropics to alleviate land degradation, boost soil fertility, and make agriculture more climate smart.
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CGIAR Research Programs

Soils Research Programs

Soils in CGIAR Research Programs

CIAT is a member of the CGIAR Consortium. CGIAR advances major research programs, which focus the work of the Consortium’s 15 member centers on key development aims. CIAT soils research contributes importantly to these global programs.

Latest News

Down to earth data

  “Diversity.” It’s not often you get a one word answer from researchers, given the complexity of their work, but that’s the answer CIAT’s soil scientist Rolf Sommer gave when asked his impression of Lushoto district nestling in north-eastern Tanzania’s Usambara Mountains. Then he was whisked off into a meeting.>
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Could climate change spell trouble for Kenya’s largest river?

This post first appeared on the Thomson Reuters Foundation climate blog.  Ahead of the Global Landscape Forum in Peru, it helps to remember exactly why landscapes are important. They give us the bigger picture, to connect the dots between the many people who use an ecosystem and what for. It’s that bigger>
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Research Updates

Soils Blog

5 Dec: Celebrating soils, “Where food begins”

5th of December was World Soil Day. Yes, since 2013, soil has its official celebration Day! The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)’s Conference, in June 2013, unanimously endorsed World Soil Day and requested official adoption at the 68th UN General Assembly, which declared 5th of December>
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[For CIAT staff] A Photography Competition to celebrate World Soil Day

Conserving soils, a non-renewable resource This Friday, 5 December, is World Soil Day. Scientists in the Soils Research Area at CIAT want to take advantage of this date before the International Year of Soils 2015 comes round. They want to help make experts and non-experts alike to become more aware>
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More news on the blog…

Publications


Milne,Eleanor; Banwart, Steven A.; Noellemeyer, Elke; Abson, David J.; Ballabio, Cristiano; Bampa, Francesca; Bationo, Andre; Batjes, Niels H.; Bernoux, Martial; Bhattacharyya, Tapas; Black, Helaina; Buschiazzo, Daniel E.; Cai, Zucong; Cerri, Carlos Eduardo; Cheng, Kun; Compagnone, Claude; Conant, Rich; Coutinho, Heitor L.C.; De Brogniez, Delphine; De Carvalho Balieiro, Fabiano; Duffy, Christopher; Feller, Christian; Fidalgo, Elaine C.C.; Figueira da Silva, Cristiane; Funk, Roger; Gaudig, Greta; Gicheru, Patrick T.; Goldhaber, Marty; Gottschalk, Pia; Goulet, Frederic; Goverse, Tessa; Grathwohl, Peter; Joosten, Hans; Kamoni, Peter T.; Kihara, Job; Krawczynski, Rene; La Scala Jr, Newton; Lemanceau, Philippe; Li, Lianqing; Li, Zichuan; Maron, Pierre-Alain; Martius, Christopher; Melillo, Jerry; Montanarella, Luca; Nikolaidis, Nikolaos; Nziguheba, Generose; Pan, Genxing; Pascual, Unai; Paustian, Keith; Piñeiro, Gervasio; Powlson, David; Quiroga, Alberto; Richter, Dan; Sigwalt, Annie; Six, Johan; Smith, Jo; Smith, Pete; Stocking, Michael; Tanneberger, Franziska; Termansen, Mette; Van Noordwijk, Meine; Van Wesemael, Bas; Vargas, Rodrigo; Luiz Victoria, Reynaldo; Waswa, Boaz; Werner, David; Wichmann, Sabine; Wichtmann, Wendelin; Zhang, Xuhui; Zhao, Yongcun; Zheng, Jinwei; Zheng, Jufeng. 2014. Soil carbon, multiple Benefits . Environmental Development Article in press.


Ndungu-Magiroi, Keziah Wairimu; Waswa, Boaz; Bationo, Andre; Okalebo, John Robert; Othieno, Caleb; Herrmann, Laetitia; Lesueur, Didier. 2014. Minjingu phosphate rock applications increase the population of phosphate solubilising microorganisms with a positive impact on crop yields in a Kenyan Ferralsol . Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems Published online.


Demelash, Nigus; Bayu, Wondimu; Tesfaye, Sitot; Ziadat, Feras; Sommer, Rolf. 2014. Current and residual effects of compost and inorganic fertilizer on wheat and soil chemical properties . Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 100: 357:367.


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