Soil - CIAT

Soils

About Us

About Soils

About Soils

Soils research is fundamental and multidisciplinary, addressing natural resource management issues from farm to landscape scales, with a strong focus on soil science. Our cross-cutting research links CIAT’s research in crop improvement and policy analysis to vital work on agricultural production systems across landscapes. We believe this integrated approach is essential for reducing hunger, while reversing land degradation and making agriculture climate smart.
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Land Degradation

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Land Degradation

Land degradation is widespread across the tropical world. Restoring soils and land is a central requirement for reducing hunger and poverty through sustainable growth in agriculture. CIAT works toward this end through research on soil and landscape health, ecosystem services, tradeoff modeling, and sustainable land management.
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Sustainable Intensification

sustainable_intensification

Sustainable Intensification

Tropical soils account for about 40% of the earth’s land area and support about the same proportion of the world population.  Given population growth and the limited amount of land available for agricultural expansion, intensifying agricultural production while maintaining important ecosystem functions are urgent imperatives. CIAT soil scientists contribute by helping to improve agricultural productivity, enhance nutrient-use efficiency, and apply more widely the concept of integrated soil fertility management.
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Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation

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Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation

More severe and variable weather together with growing uncertainty about the future climate pose major challenges for tropical agriculture worldwide and particularly for smallholder farmers. Convinced that soils research is critical for meeting the challenges, CIAT soil scientists are seeking ways to advance climate change adaptation and mitigation through improvements in soil management that heighten the resilience of production systems and enhance the provision of ecosystem services.
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Soils Blog

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Soils Research Area Blog

The Soils Blog is written by members of CIAT’s Soils Research Area, an interdisciplinary group conducting cross-cutting research that is central to CIAT’s mission of combating hunger and poverty by making agriculture more eco-efficient. CIATs soil scientists work across the tropics to alleviate land degradation, boost soil fertility, and make agriculture more climate smart.
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CGIAR Research Programs

Soils Research Programs

Soils in CGIAR Research Programs

CIAT is a member of the CGIAR Consortium. CGIAR advances major research programs, which focus the work of the Consortium’s 15 member centers on key development aims. CIAT soils research contributes importantly to these global programs.

Latest News

Redressing the land degradation scar through restoration

By Paul Vlek and Lulseged Tamene This blog originally appeared on the CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE) blog on 23 October 2013 and is part of the Agriculture and Ecosystems Blog’s month-long series on Restoring Landscapes. Getting the basics right Considering the issues of land degradation and>
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A month on land: Restoring soils and landscapes

This post originally appeared on the CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE) blog on 18 October 2013. By Deborah Bossio Soil. It’s like the air we breathe – we can’t live without it. It provides our food, cleans our water, supports our ecosystems and livelihoods, and even>
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Research Updates

Soils Blog

Investing in the tools for quality soils research

Access to quality and current soils data is essential if scientists are to help farmers develop better farming methods that improve, sustain and conserve the land. To do that, scientists need access to state of the art equipment. Against the window in a corner room of CIATs laboratory in Nairobi,>
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Initial research highlights: importance of gender in food security innovations

CIAT led a Rapid Rural Appraisal (RRA), an integrative approach to data collection, in Northern Uganda to guide further research in a bid to improve food security and climate change resilience of small holder farmers; part of a new IFAD funded project*. An interdisciplinary team included CIAT, IITA, IFAD, Gulu University, and NARO members conducted>
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More news on the blog…

Publications


Mekuria, Wolde; Noble, Andrew; Sengtaheuanghoung, Oloth; Hoanh, Chu Thai; Bossio, Deborah; Sipaseuth, Nivong; McCartney, Matthew; Lagan, Simon. 2014. Organic and clay-based soil amendments increase maize yield, total nutrient uptake, and soil properties in Lao PDR . Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems 38:936-961.


Beebe, Stephen E.; Rao, Idupulapati Madhusudana; Jyostna Devi, Mura; Polania, José. 2014. Common beans, biodiversity, and multiple stresses  : challenges of drought resistance in tropical soils . Crop and Pasture Science 65: 667-675.


Chirinda, Ngonidzashe; Roncossek, Svenja Doreen; Heckrath, Goswin; Elsgaard, Lars; Kaag Thomsen, Ingrid; Eivind Olesen, Jorgen. 2014. Root and soil carbon distribution at shoulderslope and footslope positions of temperate toposequences cropped to winter wheat . Catena 123: 99-105.


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